If you work for any kind of municipal government or other large entity, you probably have a contingency plan in place dictating the actions to be taken to prepare for the arrival of a hurricane or large storm system. Of course, we’re not here to supercede any of the requirements your area has.
These steps will ensure that the fuels you rely on to power your backup systems will do their job in your hour of need. The recommendations are group according to the decreasing time frame leading up to storm landfall.
5 Days to 72 Hours Before Landfall: Pre-Storm Activities
- Make sure fuel deliveries are scheduled to ensure fuel storage tanks are full as needed
- There’s less guarantee you’ll be able to get fuel the closer landfall-time comes
- Perform water housekeeping procedures and test stored fuel for bacterial content
- Microbial test strips take several days to work, so this should be done as early in the process as possible, even earlier than 5 days if you have enough warning
- Treat stored fuel with biocide if microbial tests come back positive
- Top off the fuel in all essential vehicles
- Test and fuel backup generators
72-48 Hours Before Landfall: Pre-Hurricane Watch Activities
Hurricane watches most commonly start 48 hours before expected landfall.
- Performance fuel filtration for infested fuel with positive microbial tests as per earlier
- Run refueled generators after filling to ensure proper functioning with new fuel
- Top off fuel tanks and service all vehicles, portable and emergency generators, pumps,compressors and ventilators.
36 Hours Up To Landfall
- Test backup generators one final time
- Fuel all essential vehicles as needed
- Store and/or secure an extra supply of fuel if needed
Storm Landfall: The First 24 Hours
If you’ve followed the previous steps, you shouldn’t have to worry about fuel issues during that first 24-hour period when you’ve got plenty of other things to worry about.
Ongoing Preparations When All Things Are Quiet
When it comes to fuels, a lot of the success that you’ll have in implementing the above steps relies on groundwork you can lay during the “times of plenty” – when everything is fine and no storm is on the horizon. The best thing you can do on an ongoing basis is control the water buildup in your storage system and keep the microbes at bay. You likely have water remediation steps you take regularly, but what about the microbes?
Microbial growth in fuel tanks definitely falls under the category of “better safe than sorry”. It’s much less stressful (and much less expensive) to prevent microbial growth in fuel tanks than to try eradicate an active infestation after it’s established. Especially when the infestation spreads to all areas of your fueling system.
Beyond proper water control steps like draining, the best thing you can do to prevent microbial growth is to periodically treat your tank system with a biocide. Once a quarter is a good interval, though if your housekeeping measures aren’t the greatest, it’s in your best interests to do it sooner, say every 2 month or 6 weeks.
Biocides are highly regulated and very concentrated – a typical maintenance treat rate would only be 1:10,000, meaning you could treat a 5,000 gallon fuel storage system with only 64 oz of biocide. Such a high treat makes maintenance treatment very cost effective – you’d probably pay $100-$150 at the most to ensure that 5,000 gallon fuel system stays problem free.
If you want to ensure the best chance of success with your fuels in the quiet times when there’s no storm expectation, periodic treat with a biocide is your best protection.
Choose the Right Partner
Sometimes, it’s helpful to have a partner that can guide you through this process, especially the process of ongoing preventive treatment of stored fuels.
The best partner is your fuel supplier who, in an ideal world, would be equipped with the knowledge and the solutions to help you ensure you’re doing what’s needed to minimize the chance of problems down the road.
If you have to look beyond your fuel supplier, the right partner should combine the right amount of experience with access to the right solutions (both for testing and prevention), and should bring both of those to the table with a philosophy of ensuring that their priority is to turn you into the expert.
This post was published on May 28, 2014 and was updated on March 29, 2018.